We trust that the most of people know the word HIV or AIDS as an infectious disease to spread around the world, but exactly what is HIV, we guess many people will know it ambiguously. HIV, shortcut of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a horrible infectious disease problem across the world no matter developed country or developing country, no matter Asia or Europe, even Africa. since past several decades, we have found this disease and later we always have struggle to fight against this epidemic in whole world. Certainly, this demon-like disease as the earliest case to be found in North America and time to be confirmed in 1968. A 16 years old teenager, named Robert Rayford, was found for HIV infection. You may find more information of HIV/AIDS as an article about The History of HIV and AIDS in the United States.
However in China, this disease is also to be concerned and pay more attention by government and medical institution. The numerous Chinese people make the pervasiveness of HIV/AIDS a significant problem even though a comparatively low infection rate. The reported death rate from HIV/AIDS has been rising over time. In 2008, it had been reported that 7,000 people died from the illness. This made HIV that the top cause of death by infectious disease in China. That is a similar degree to many developed nations like Japan and a few members of the European Union. So as today’s topic, let us know the HIV/AIDS situation in China.
The principal risk factors for disease in China are credited to prostitution, migrant work, male homosexual activity, and also using intravenous medicines. The amount of sex workers or street workers in China are estimated to be approximately 3-4 million round the nation. They operate in a variety of areas like truck stops, salons, massage parlors, and in so karaoke pubs. In 2011, based on NCAIDS, the amount of male homosexuals had been reported as 30 percent of those 800,000 HIV-positive inhabitants in China.
At the first decade of the 21st century, the government started to place medium-term to long-term plan and decision which could begin to slow and lower the disease rate. Back in 2002, the government declared that the true infection rate in 2001 was 67.4 percent greater than previously reported in 2000. A number of this growth may be attributed to more individuals being analyzed and the greater coverage of HIV patients. In 2003, China initiated a program called “Four Free and One Care.” This program included free Anti-Retroviral Drugs for HIV positive patients, free treatment for pregnant moms (to stop mother-child disease ), free voluntary counseling and testing, free college for AIDS orphans, and proactive care for individuals living with AIDS. This program expanded quickly from the initial locations to over 120 sites throughout China.
The following program has been that the China Comprehensive AIDS Response (China CARES) to assist the high incidence areas in healing and encouraging individuals that suffer from this disease. At precisely the exact same time, laws were passed to help in the exchange and collection of crucial HIV/AIDS data among the ministries that had to operate together. These attempts were comparatively late at the timeline of their illness in China, but they signify the complex decision making avenues that result in policy development in China. Unfortunately, China is not the only nation that has fought to Ascertain the best way of coping with this dilemma.
China has been confident to dispatch their public health officials on a lot of excursions to comprehend how other nations were coping and treating with the outbreak of epidemic. The tours also eased teamwork among the various Chinese departments that spent some time with all the visits. The time that it took to create those relationships is a significant reason behind the comparatively slow response from the Chinese government.
Treatment, support and care challenges prevail in China. Two The amount of individuals living with HIV receiving treatment has steadily grown throughout the nation. But, progress in cutting mother-to-child transmission levels remains considered slow. Progress continues to be slow in addressing the high levels of both stigma and discrimination individuals living with HIV expertise throughout the nation.
China has made considerable progress with respect to financing its HIV answer as 99 percent of financing came from national resources in 2015. 4 This is quite reassuring when thinking about the longevity and sustainability of lots of the federal HIV and AIDS commitments.
Despite all these attempts, in December 2016 the Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CCDC) reported 96,000 new HIV cases in the first nine months of the year. In other words, the amount of new instances in 2016 is very likely to exceed 115,000, the amount of new cases listed in 2015.